Contributed by:

Dr. George Sherin K

PhD Scholar

Division of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology

Indian Veterinary Research Institute

Izatnagar,Bareilly,UP,243122

 

1.      Chairman of the scientific panel set up for the development of the first edition of feeding standard published by ICAR in 1985?

N. D. Kehar

 

2.      A scientist from KAU, who was a member of the sub-committee for drafting ICAR feeding standards for goats?

M. Shivaraman

 

3.      Feeding standards in U. K. is developed by?

A R C

 

4.      Starch digestibility in rumen ranges from?

63-70%

 

5.      Chief cellulose degrading bacteria of rumen?

Fibrobacter succinogens

 

6.      Only VFA present in appreciable quantity in peripheral blood as an important energy source?

Acetate

 

7.      Berseem is a plant from?

Egypt

 

8.      A I V method of silage making uses the acids?

Sulphuric acid and Hydrochloric acid

 

9.      Flieg index is a commonly used method for evaluation of?

Silage quality

 

10.  Silo-fillers disease is an illness of farm workers that is caused by inhalation of the oxides of?

Nitrogen

 

11.  “Vana Mahotsava” the annual festival of trees was inaugurated in?

1950

 

12.  Beneficial effect of condensed tannin in legumes is attributed to their ability to?

Protect protein

 

13.  Name two tannin complexing agents?

Polyethylene glycol (PEG) and Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)

 

14.  3,4 DHP (dihydroxypyridone) and 2, 3 DHP are the break down products of the antinutritional factor ………….?

Mimosin

 

15.  Chief endproduct of purine metabolism in ruminants?

Allantoin

 

16.  A naturally occurring fatty acid found in ruminant products which has beneficial health attributes like anticarcinogenic activity, anti obesity and anti atherogenic activity?

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)

 

17.  Plants belonging to genus Brassica has the antinutritional factor…………?

Glucosinolates

 

18.  Slobber syndrome and facial eczema in cattle is caused by the consumption of….?

Mycotoxins (slaframine and swainsonine)

 

19.  Hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicates (HSCAS) are added in feed for?

Binding mycotoxins

 

20.  Maximum permitted level of aflatoxin in animal feeds (as per Prevention of food adulteration act)?

30 ppb (0.03 ppm)

 

21.  BT cotton has the gene from the bacterium?

Bacillus thuringiensis

 

22.  Plant which is named Biodiesel?

Jatropha

 

23.  The oil seed crop that is produced in the largest amount in the world is?

Soybean

 

24.  Domesticated avian species having high requirement for Niacin?

Duck

 

25.  Mineral which is present in glucose tolerant factor?

Chromium

 

26.  Central Research Institute for Dry land Agricuture (CRIDA) is located at?

Hyderabad

 

27.  Tree loppings or prunings available as feed in silvipastoral system is termed?

Top feeds

 

28.  Name a selenium accumulator plant?

Astragalus

 

29.  N : S ratio of wool?

5:1

 

30.  The pathway of propionate production in animal consuming high fibrous diet?

Succinate pathway

 

31.  Term metabolizability denotes?

ME/GE

 

32.  Vitamin C requirement for guinea pig diet?

200 mg/kg feed

 

33.  Fodder feed is?

Cow pea

 

34.  VFA having maximum absorption rate is?

Butyrate

 

35.  Zinc deficiency causes infertility in males because it is a component of the enzyme……..?

Thymidine kinase

 

36.  Preferred source of enzyme for estimating degradability of protein in French PDI system?

S. griseus (protease)

 

37.  Alkaloid in legume which predispose bloat?

Saponin

 

38.  If no green grass is fed to ruminants the concentrate mixture should have Vitamin A at the rate of ……..?

5000 IU/Kg

 

39.  Other than HMP shunt, the conversion of …..to ……… is a source of NADP in non ruminants?

Malate to Pyruvate

 

40.  Phosphorus content of bran?

1.2-1.5%

 

41.  Carprice reaction is concerned with the estimation of?

Vitamin A

 

42.  Antimetabolite of folic acid?

Aminopterine

 

43.  Fatal syncope in calves and pigs is due to deficiency of?

Vitamin E

 

44.  First discovered amino acid?

Aspargine

 

45.  Chief acid of silage is?

Lactic acid

 

46.  Silo with minimum spoilage is?

Upright silo

 

47.  Scotopsin is rich in the amino acid?

Lysine

 

48.  Meskawi is a common variety of the plant?

Berseeem

 

49.  Domesticated ruminant with highest BMR?

Goat

 

50.  Deficiency disease in which ceroid pigment is accumulated in adipose tissue of cats?

Yellow fat disease/Pansteatitis  (Vitamin E deficiency)

 

51.  Colour of pure vitamin A?

Colourless

 

52.  Reference standard in a Bomb calorimeter?

Benzoic acid

 

53.  Brouwer equation is used to estimate?

Heat production

 

54.  A fungal enzyme added in poultry feeds containing barley?

ß glucanase

 

55.  Ruminant which is most prone to both cobalt deficiency and copper toxicity?

Sheep

 

56.  Biological value of microbial protein?

80

 

57.  (DCP + DTP)/2 is ?

Protein Equivalent

 

58.  The pathway occurring in plants which is responsible for the conversion of fat to carbohydrate?

Glyoxylate cycle

 

59.  First two enzymes of urea cycle is located in?

Mitochondria

 

60.  Cell organelle involved in initial steps of alkoxy-phospholipid biosynthesis which leads to the production of plasmalogens?

Peroxisomes

 

61.  Aminoacid required for the production of carnitine?

Lysine

 

62.  ………..% of the nitrogen of milk is NPN?

5%

 

63.  Hammer mill works on the principle of/

Impact grinding

 

64.  Major pathway for ATP synthesis in tissues lacking mitochondria like RBC, cornea and lens?

Glycolysis

 

65.  Metals inhibiting pyruvate dehydrogenase complex?

Arsenic and Mercury

 

Multiple Choice Questions  NOTE: THE ANSWERS TO THE MCQ IS GIVEN IN BOLD RED COLOR

 

1. Efficiency of conversion of ß carotene to vitamin A is in the order?

  1. Rat>Ruminants> Pig> Poultry
  2. Rat>Poultry>Pig>Ruminants
  3. Rat>Poultry>Ruminants>Pig
  4. Pig>Poultry>Ruminants>Rat

 

2. Rumen degradable protein content is highest for?

  1. Soybean meal
  2. Coconut cake
  3. Groundnut cake
  4. Fish meal

 

3. The feed which is fed “whole” to poultry but “crushed” to cattle and pig?

  1. Pearl Millet
  2. Great Millet
  3. Barley
  4. Jowar

 

4. Experimental animals for determining GPV of a feed?

  1. Rats
  2. Rabbit
  3. Guinea pig
  4. Chick

 

5. Order of the efficiency of conversion of Tryptophan to Niacin?

  1. Pig>Chicken>Duck>Cat
  2. Cat>Chicken>Duck>Pig
  3. Chicken>Pig>Duck>Cat
  4. Duck>Chicken>Pig>Cat

 

6. Which of the following is common to salseed, sorghum and jowar?

  1. Mucilage
  2. Tannin
  3. Glucosinolate
  4. Mimosine

 

7. Colour of ruminant bile?

  1. Green
  2. Golden yellow
  3. Orange
  4. Colourless

 

8. DCP% is highest for?

  1. Lucerne hay
  2. Berseem hay
  3. Oat hay
  4. Wheat straw

 

 

9. Which of the following is required for Ubiquinone synthesis?

  1. Vitamin A and Copper
  2. Vitamin E and Selenium
  3. Vitamin E and Copper
  4. Vitamin C and Selenium

 

10. The order of toxicity is?

  1. Tyrosin>Threonine>Methionine
  2. Methionine>Threonine>Tyrosine
  3. Threonine>Tyrosine>Methionine
  4. Methionine>Tyrosine>Threonine

 

11. Which of the following is most important in inhibiting the digestibility of paddy straw?           

  1. Lignin
  2. Silica
  3. Hemicellulose
  4. Oxalate

 

12. Concentration of Ammonia and Total VFA in rumen is highest for?

  1. Goat
  2. Buffalo
  3. Sheep
  4. Cattle

 

13. Most promising initial symptom of Vitamin A deficiency in cows and horses?

  1. Copius lacrymation
  2. Copius salivation
  3. Xeropthalmia
  4. Night blindness

 

14. ……….% NDF in total ration is critical for maintenance of normal milk fat?

  1. 66%
  2. 18%
  3. 73%
  4. 36%

 

15. Urea treatment of straw increases?

  1. CP and DCP
  2. TDN
  3. Dry matter digestibility and feed intake
  4. All the above

 

16. Pregnancy toxemia is seen in?

  1. Sheep and Goat
  2. Sheep and Rat
  3. Sheep and Guinea pig
  4. Sheep and Rabbit

 

17. Taurine requirement of cats is ………..mg/kg DM in diet?

  1. 200
  2. 500
  3. 800
  4. 1000

 

18. Amino acid precursor of lignin?

  1. Phenylalanine
  2. Tyrosine
  3. Alanine
  4. Glycine

 

19. Mineral needed for acetate incorporation in cholesterol biosynthesis?

  1. Calcium
  2. Copper
  3. Manganese
  4. Magnesium

 

20. Microbe in rumen capable of breaking lignocellulosic bond?

  1. Bacteria
  2. Protozoa
  3. Fungi
  4. None

 

21. Protease activity in rumen is highest for?

  1. Bacteria
  2. Protozoa
  3. Fungi
  4. Bacteriophage

 

22. Naturally occurring fatty acid has ………..configuration?

  1. Cis
  2. Trans
  3. Both
  4. None

 

23. Which of the following is common in nature?

  1. D sugars and D amino acids
  2. L sugars and L amino acids
  3. D sugars and L amino acids
  4. L sugars and D amino acids

 

24. The order of salt tolerance?

  1. Sheep>Cattle>Pig>Poultry
  2. Sheep>Pig>Cattle>Poultry
  3. Cattle>Sheep>Pig>Poultry
  4. Pig>Cattle>Sheep>Poultry

 

25. Urea supplementation is not recommended if CP content of ruminant diet is above?

  1. 18%
  2. 25%
  3. 7%
  4. 13%

 

26. Which of the following deficiency contribute to perosis?

  1. Manganese and Choline
  2. Biotin and Folic acid
  3. Thiamine, Manganese, Choline, Biotin and Folic acid
  4. Vitamin B12, Manganese, Choline, Biotin and Folic acid    

 

27. Order of tolerance of aflatoxin?

  1. Chicken>Guinea fowl>Duck
  2. Duck>Guinea fowl>Chicken
  3. Guinea fowl>Chicken>Duck
  4. Chicken>Duck>Guinea fowl

 

28. Arrange the susceptibility to aflatoxin by domestic animals in descending order?

  1. Rabbit> Pig> Cattle>Sheep>Chicken
  2. Pig>Rabbit>Sheep>Chicken>Cattle
  3. Chicken>Rabbit>Pig>Sheep>Cattle
  4. Cattle>Sheep>Rabbit>Pig>Chicken

 

29. Which of the following is used as energy source (not protein source)?

  1. Linseed meal
  2. Salseed meal
  3. Mustard cake
  4. Sunflower cake

 

30. All reactions in TCA cycle are reversible except the formation of?

  1. Succinyl CoA
  2. Succinate
  3. α keto glutarate
  4. Fumarate

 

31. Which of the following cereal has more lysine content?

  1. Rice
  2. Wheat
  3. Corn
  4. Oats

 

32.    β oxidation can occur in?

a.Mitochondria

       b. Peroxisomes

       c. Both

      d. Endoplasmic reticulum

 

33.  Glycosphingolipids and glycoproteins are synthesized in?

      a. Golgi body

      b. Mitochondria

      c. Endoplasmic reticulum

      d. Glyoxysomes

 

34.  Rate limiting enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis?

a.       α 1-4 glucosidase

b.      HMG CoA reductase

c.       Squalene synthetase

d.      7 α hydroxylase

 

35.  For fatty acid synthesis, Acetyl CoA comes from mitochondria to cytoplasm as?

a.       Carnitine

b.      Malate

c.       Citrate

d.      Oxaloacetate

 

 

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