Contributed by:

 Dr. Ravi Dutt Rai, BVSc& A. H. (H.A.U. HISAR)
M.V.Sc Scholar-V.G.O.
Division of Animal Reproduction, I.V.R.I
E-mail: raviduttvets@yahoo.co.in
 

A.   OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

 

 

1.      Animal showing external evidence of pro-oestrus with vulval oedema, hyperemia & sanguinous vulval discharge is

    a) Cattle         b) Bitch                   c) Doe                     d) Ewe and Mare

 

2.      Mammary gland duct system growth is under the influence of

    a) Estrogen     b) Progesterone       c) Prolactin            d) Prostaglandins

 

3.      Mammary gland alveolar growth is under the influence of

    a) Estrogen      b) Progesterone       c) Prolactin            d) Prostaglandins

 

4.      Exogenous oxytocin has luteolytic action in ----------

    a) Bitch            b) Cow & Ewe                c) Cattle & Sow         d) cow & Doe

 

5.      Upto secondary spermatocyte stage-------------- hormone acts, after which  testosterone regulates spermatogenesis

    a) Growth hormone     b) F.S.H       c) I.C.S.H       d) Insulin        e) Androgens

 

6.      In birds & reptiles, ------------- is important in contraction of shell glands & vagina to induce oviposition

    a) Oxytocin only    b) F.S.H & L.H    c) Prolactin & vasopressin   d) vasotocin

 

7.      Predominate Ig in follicular fluid is ---------

    a) Ig A                    b) Ig M                   c) Ig G                               d) Ig E 

 

8.      One primary spermatocyte produces -----------

    a) 4 Spermatids    b) 64 Spermatids      c) 1 Spermatid         d) 16 Spermatids

 

9.      One spermatogonia produces--------------spermatids

    a) 4                       b) 1                           c) 64                             d) 16

 

10.  B-Spermatogonia is formed after -----------------stage

    a) A 4                 b) Intermediate spermatogonia    c) Primary spermatocyte                   d) Secondary Spermatocyte

 

11.  4 - Cell stage embryo is transported from site of fertilization to uterus in

    a) Sow               b) Mare                         c) Ewe                      d) Cattle

 

12.  Transuterine migration of embryo is absent in -------

        a)  Bitch                 b) Cattle            c) Sow               d) Both a and c

 

13.  Maternal Recognition of Pregnancy (M.R.P) is responsible for

        a)   Fetal growth           b) Implantation              c) Maternal circulation         d) Fertilization        e) Parturition

 

14.  First maturation division / meiotic division is not completed at the time of ovulation in

    a) Sow            b) Cattle & Buffalo         c) Ewe & Doe           d) Mare & Bitch 

 

15.  Hippomanes are usually found in ---------

 a) Yolk sac    b) Amniotic fluid              c) Allantoic fluid     d) All of these

 

16.  Steroid hormones have receptors in ---------

    a) Cytoplasm     b) Nucleus                     c) Cell membrane     d) Both a & c

 

17.  An anabolic hormone --------

a) Insulin           b) Estrogen                     c) Testosterone         d) All of these

 

18.  An animal in which pheromones are secreted in saliva foam

a) Boar             b) Bull                               c) Stallion                   d) Ram

 

19.  In the testes , testosterone secreting cells are -----------

a) Germinal epithelium        b) Leydig cells            c) Sertoli cells                           d) Blood testes barrier

 

20.  First scientific research in A.I in domestic animals was conducted by Italian physiologist -------------- in 1780.

    a) Leeuwenhoek      b) G. Amantea        c) L. Spallanzani            d) Rapiquet

 

21.  ---------------- (1963) developed special cotton plug consisted of polyvinyl alcohol powder for sealing straws.

a) Sorenson         b) Nishikawa            c) Van Demark                d) Cassou

 

 

ANSWERS:

1 b       ; 2 a      ; 3 b       ; 4 d    ; 5 b       ; 6 d     ; 7 c     ; 8 a     ; 9 c     ; 10 b     ; 11 a      ; 12 b   ; 13 b    ; 14 d     ; 15 c     ; 16 a 

17 d      ; 18 a       ; 19 b     ; 20 c      ; 21 d

 

B. FILL IN THE BLANKS

 

1) Acrosome reaction is an indicator of completed-------------------

2) Polyspermy is common in---------and-------------

3) The C.L persists through out pregnancy in all farm animals  except----------

4) Endometrial cups are a unique feature of ---------- placenta which secrete---------- hormone.

5)  --------- is the major metabolic fuel for foetus

6) Although --------- comprise 70-80% of sugar in fetal ungulates (sheep, goat, cattle) and does not cross placental barrier.

7) Fetal cortisol act on placenta to induce ----------- enzyme which convert progesterone to estrogen to have role in parturition.

8) Lochia , the post partum  uterine discharge is also known as -------- or  -----------

9) Rate of ovulation is more in ---------- ovary of cattle but ---------- in mare

10)  Glans penis is absent in -----------(species)

11)  --------- twins are much more common than --------- twins

12)  Doddlers are due to a pair of autosomal recessive genes causing ------------ or  other-------------

13)  Congenital valvular defects are common in --------------(species)

14)  Super fecundation is more common in ----------------

15)  Scrotum of domestic animals is located between a thigh except ---------- and------- in which scrotum is located caudal to thighs.

16)  Boars masturbate by inserting their penis inside the preputial diverticulum & ejaculate , the condition is termed as ---------------

17)  Masturbation in animals is also termed as---------------

18)  Young boars in artificial insemination studs are separated to prevent -------------

19)  Paralysis and paraphimosis of penis is seen bulls diseased with--------- & in horses in late stage of ----- ----  (Disease)

20)  Inguinal hernia is considered a common  breeding defect in ------ & ----- (Species)

21)  The hormone produced by Sertoli cells in male & granulosa cells   in female is---- 

22)  The enzyme involved  in melatonin synthesis  & found only in Pineal gland is ------------

23)  ------------ (1951) reported the birth of first calf from insemination with frozen semen in cooperation with Polge & Smith.

24)  ----------- (1955), first time used pellets as packaging material.

25)  Macpherson , Van Demark & Kinnoy  (1954) developed  freezing  of  semen  in --------(Packaging material ) 

26)  Egg yolk coagulating enzyme (EYCE) / Coagulase / phospholipase /Tricyl glycerol lipase is found in bulbourethral secretion of ----------- semen, which interacts with milk constituents in milk diluents & inhibit motility of spermatozoa.

27)  -------------- is the most commonly used cryoprotectant for freezing of semen.

28)  --------------- (1948) in Denmark for the first time used large sized straws made of polyvinyl chloride. 

 

ANSWERS:

 

 

1)      Capacitation

2)      Birds & Reptiles

3)      Mare

4)      Equine , PMSG / eCG

5)      Glucose

6)      Fructose

7)      17-α- hydroxylase

8)      Secundus  , Second cleansing

9)      Right , opposite

10)  Tom (Male Cat)

11)  Dizygotic , monozygotic

12)  Cerebellar , brain stem lesions

13)  Horses

14)  Multipara (Dog & Cat)

15)  Boar , Tom ( Male Cat)

16)  Balling Up

17)  Onanism

18)  Pedarasty (Rectal Copulation)

19)  Rabies , Dourine

20)  Horse ,  Pig

21)  Inhibin

22)  HIOMT( Hydroxy Indole O- Methyl Transferase)

23)  Stewart

24)  Perks

25)  Glass Ampule

26)  Buck

27)  Glycerol

28)  Sorenson

 

 

  

C. MATCH THE FOLLOWING

 

1)

A. Homosexual behaviour          ------          1. Cat

B. Frequent urination in heat    -------           2. Buffalo

C. I.V.R.I Crystoscope             -------           3. Early Embryonic Mortality

D. Irregular long estrous cycle    -----            4. White Side Test

E. Endometritis                       -----              5.  Cattle

F. Rage Reaction                  -- ----               6. Fern Pattern

 

a) 2, 5,  6, 1, 3, 4

b) 5, 2, 4, 3, 6, 1

c)  5, 1, 4, 2, 6, 3

d)  5, 2, 6, 3, 4, 1                                                          

 

 

2)     A. Pseudo pregnancy            -----     1.Dog & Cat

                  B. Prostaglandin antagonist  -----      2. Ruminants

                  C. Endotheliochorial placenta ----       3.Carazolol

                  D. Epitheliochorial placenta    -----      4.  Bromocriptine

                  E.  Accelerating parturition     -----      5 .Horse & Pig

                  F. Synepitheliochorial placenta ----       6. Indomethacin

                 

                  a) 4, 3, 6, 1, 5, 2

                  b) 6, 3, 5, 2, 4, 1

                  c) 4, 6, 1, 5, 3, 2

                  d) 6, 1, 5, 2, 4, 3

 

        

          3)   A. Post partum vaginal discharge   ----   1. Glycoprotein

                B. Pseudo pregnancy                    ----- 2. Secundus

                C. Cervical mucus                          ----  3. Embryo Transfer,1890

                D. Embryonic estrogen                  ----- 4. Clenbuterol

                E. Heape                                   -----    5. M.R.P. in Pig

                F. Delaying Parturition                  -----  6. Cabergoline

 

               a) 2, 6, 1, 5, 3, 4

               b) 2, 4, 5, 1, 3, 6

               c) 6, 5, 1, 2, 4, 3

               d) 5, 3, 2, 1, 4, 6

 

   

        4)  A. Zero semen volume               ------   1. Azoospermia

             B. Zero sperm concentration       -----    2. Teratozoospermia

             C. Reduced sperm motility           -----   3. Asthenozoospermia

             D. Reduced sperm concentration  -----   4.Hypospermia

             E. Abnormal sperm                     -----   5. Aspermia

             F. Reduced semen volume           ------ 6. Oligozoospermia

           

             a) 1, 5, 4, 3, 6, 2

             b)  5, 1, 3, 6, 2, 4

             c)  1, 4, 2, 5, 3, 6

             d) 5, 1, 6, 3, 2, 4

 

 

         5) A.  Mature C.L.                         -----  1.  Mesonephric duct

             B.  Female genitalia                   ------ 2.  40 - 90 days of gestation

             C.  Slipping of fetal membranes   ----- 3.  80 - 120 days of gestation

             D.  Male genitalia                       ----- 4. Liver fluke like consistancy

             E.  Fremitus                              ----- 5. Paramesonephric duct

             F.  Cuboni Test                          ----- 6. 150-290 days of gestation

 

             a) 4, 1, 3, 5, 2, 6

             b) 4, 1, 6, 5, 3, 2

             c) 4, 5, 2, 1, 3, 6

             d) 4, 5, 3, 1, 6, 2

 

 

            6)  A. Chediak Higashi syndrome     ---- 1. Swine

                 B. Polycystic Kidneys                ----  2. Hopping gait

                 C. Anury                                 ----  3. Ghost Pattern

                 D. Twinning                             ----  4. Boars

                 E. "Balling Up"                          ----  5. Iodine deficiency

                 F. Prolonged gestation               ----  6.Equine abortion

 

                a) 3, 1, 2, 6, 4, 5

                b) 2, 5, 3, 1, 6, 4

                c) 6, 3, 1, 5, 2, 4

                d) 5, 3, 6, 2, 1, 4

 

  

 

            7)  A.  Refrigeration of semen                         ----  1. Glycerol

                 B.  Cryopreservation of semen                    ---- 2.  20 times more Zn than blood

                 C.  Buffalo semen                                      ---- 3.  Egg yolk

                 D. Sperm membrane integrity                       --- 4. I.V.T dilutor

                 E.  Preservation of semen at room temp.       ----5. D2 Extender

                 F.  Dog semen                                             --- 6. H.O.S.T

 

                 a) 1, 3, 2, 5, 4, 6

                 b) 1, 5, 6, 3, 4, 2

                 c) 3, 1, 2, 6, 4, 5

                 d) 3, 1, 5, 6, 4, 2

 

  

 

 

ANSWERS:

1  d

2  c

3  a

4  b

5  c

6  a

7  d

 

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